Acne can be overcome and treated in many different ways depending on the type of acne and acne condition. Besides, the prevention of acne returning after treatment is also a matter of concern.
How to treat acne and acne scars at clinics
Depending on the severity and persistence of the acne, the acne treatment for each level of acne will be different.
Mild acne can be treated with over-the-counter medications that are taken by mouth or applied to the skin. These medicines usually contain the following active ingredients:
- Resorcinol: Breaks down tiny blackheads and whiteheads.
- Benzoyl peroxide: kills bacteria and accelerates the regeneration of new skin, slows down the secretion of sebum on the skin.
- Salicylic Acid: Helps to overcome blackheads and whiteheads, and reduces inflammation in larger acne spots.
- Retin-A: unclogs pores.
- Azelaic Acid: prevents excessive sebum production, limiting the growth of bacteria.
Moderate to severe condition
For moderate to severe acne, your doctor will prescribe more severe acne medications or oral/topical antibiotics.
- Oral antibiotics: Usually prescribed from about 1 month to 6 months at most. The goal of this drug is to reduce the growth of P.Acnes bacteria – one of the bacteria that live on the skin that causes acne. However, if antibiotics are used excessively, P.Acnes can become resistant strains and require stronger antibiotics. For the above reason, treating acne with antibiotics is often more of a topical antibiotic than an oral antibiotic. Some commonly used antibiotics are erythromycin and tetracycline.
- Birth control pills: Oral contraceptives are also a relatively common acne treatment, especially among women. The mechanism of action of oral contraceptives may control the development of acne in women by inhibiting overactive oil glands. This is a long-term remedy and prevention of acne, however, some women should not use birth control pills. In addition, to use this method long-term, you also need to have a gynecological examination with a doctor first.
- Topical anti-infectives: Topical antibacterial drugs serve the same purpose as antibiotics: to reduce the growth of P.Acnes bacteria in patients with moderate to severe acne, most commonly clindamycin, sodium sulfacetamide. In addition, there are retinoids. Retinoids are a derivative of vitamin A with the purpose of unclogging pores, preventing the formation of whiteheads and blackheads. Some commonly used topical retinoids are adapalene, tazarotene, and tretinoin…
This is a potent oral retinoid that is often used as a treatment for severe acne that has not been responded to by other treatments. However, the use of this medicine can lead to:
Dry face, dry lips.
Unusual mood swings.
Has a negative effect on the fetus during pregnancy.
Acne scars treatment
- Using laser resurfacing has become increasingly popular in recent years with very promising results. Among the lasers used, fractional CO2 is the most common. Fractional CO2 performs the scar regeneration process by sending a laser beam deep down to the structures below the concave scar, the heat generated from this laser beam will stimulate the fibroblast cells to produce collagen and elastin fibers. new, promote regeneration, heal acne scars.
- The outstanding advantage of Fractional CO2 is that the laser beams act on the target tissue according to each energy column, ie, only where the laser affects the new laser will cause damage, and the surrounding areas are almost unaffected. . This advantage makes the CO2 laser increasingly popular because it shortens the recovery time after treatment, limits complications caused by the laser, and still ensures maximum effectiveness.
- However, CO2 lasers in some cases can still cause post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, causing prolonged redness. Therefore, it is necessary to perform this procedure in reputable facilities by dermatologists.
A classic method of scar treatment, it works by using microscopic needles that act repeatedly, causing small lesions in the skin. These lesions stimulate the production of growth factors, which promote healing and collagen production, which contribute to the filling of acne scars. The outstanding advantage of needle roller is to limit the damage to the epidermis layer, limit the risk of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. However, it takes time to see the results of dermabrasion, some studies suggest that it can take 8-12 months for the effects of dermabrasion to reach their maximum effect.
Separation of the bottom of the scar
Acne causes inflammation in the dermis of the skin. This inflammatory process entails the proliferation of collagen and elastin fibers, but these connective fibers are arranged in many different directions, intertwined, leading to the formation of bad, concave scars.
Basal cleavage is the use of a fine needle, inserted into the dermis of the skin, with the goal of severing these abnormal connective fibers. Facilitates the formation of new collagen and elastin fibers in a more orderly manner. This method is often used in conjunction with fractional CO2 or micro-needling
This method uses platelet-rich plasma extracted from the patient’s own blood. Platelet-rich plasma contains growth factors, which play an important role in stimulating collagen and elastin production from fibroblast cells. This is a safe method, often combined with fractional CO2 or micro-needling to increase the effectiveness of the treatment.
Super abrasive method
This method uses devices with abrasive tips embedded with quartz or diamond crystals, with the goal of removing the epidermis or possibly partially reaching the dermis of the skin. A few studies have shown an increase in collagen after microdermabrasion. However, this method is only suitable for certain types of scars, this method often causes pain, changes in skin color, the risk of scarring, as well as after treatment, the skin will become fragile, so it is easy to catch the sun and cause hyperpigmentation.
The active ingredient used will cause damage to the skin, stimulating the production of collagen to help fill acne scars. This method is also only suitable for a few types of small concave scars. However, a worrying complication with the use of chemical peels is post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, especially in Asian skin.
Currently, there are many different methods used to improve the condition of acne. However, for each certain type of acne scar, there are appropriate treatments. Therefore, acne scars need to be carefully examined by a dermatologist, so that a safe treatment method can be selected and the best results can be obtained.
Besides treatment with oral drugs, topical creams…, some problems related to daily life and diet can also affect the existence of acne on the skin. Some of the following tips will help you treat acne at home very simply.
How to treat acne and acne scars at home
Zinc is an essential nutrient and is important in new cell growth, hormone production, metabolism, and immune function. Not only that, zinc is also one of the most researched natural home remedies for acne.
According to studies, people with acne tend to have less zinc in their blood than people with healthy skin. Besides, many other studies show that taking zinc can reduce acne.
Apply green tea to your skin
Green tea is rich in antioxidants and drinking green tea has the potential to promote health. Along with that, many studies show that applying green tea directly to the skin has many benefits in treating acne at home.
This is explained by the fact that green tea contains flavonoids and tannins. These are two active ingredients with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties – the two main causes of acne. Not only that, the main antioxidant in green tea, EGCG, has also been shown to reduce sebum production, fight inflammation and inhibit the growth of P. Acnes bacteria in people with sensitive skin, acne-prone.
Exfoliation is the process of removing the top layer of old, damaged skin cells. You can perform physical exfoliation by rubbing, using granular exfoliating cream… or chemically removing dead cells with some acids such as AHA, BHA…
Exfoliation is a relatively simple way to treat acne by removing dirt, dead skin cells… that clog pores. Although simple, this is a very effective acne treatment.
In general, the treatment and prevention – treatment of acne need to be done carefully and overtime to avoid overgrowth of acne, which impairs skin health and affects the quality of life.
Ance scar treatment
One of the best natural remedies to get rid of acne scars is to use lemon juice because lemon has bleaching properties, which helps to effectively lighten scars caused by acne.
You can mix lemon juice and water with an equal amount, then apply this lemon juice directly on the scar on the face, wash off after about 15-20 minutes. However, you should avoid applying it to the surrounding skin. You need to remember to moisturize immediately after rinsing off the lemon juice because the citric acid in lemons can make your skin dry.
Coconut oil is one of the best natural moisturizers that have healing properties. Take about a quarter teaspoon of coconut oil in the palm of your hand and let it melt, then massage it directly onto the scarred skin.
You do not wash off coconut oil because the vitamins and essential fatty acids in this oil can take care and improve skin health only if you rub it on your face regularly.
Cucumber is a popular natural ingredient used to treat scars on the face. This fruit is rich in vitamin C, magnesium, and vitamin A – all vitamins and minerals that are great for rejuvenating your skin.
You just need to use a cucumber and cut a few thin slices. Next, you put them on your scar. About 30 minutes after applying, remove the cucumber slices and wash your face with cool water.
Using vitamin E to fade scars is one of the easiest ways to get rid of acne scars. You can apply vitamin E at home easily. You can use this immediately on scarred areas or mix it with your moisturizer daily to aid in acne treatment and faster scar healing.
One natural method you can use to exfoliate is to use baking soda. Baking soda helps minimize the appearance of acne scars. You just need to mix 1 teaspoon of baking soda with 2 teaspoons of water to make a liquid paste. Then, you rub all over your face in a gentle circular motion to rub the baking soda into your skin. You should focus on the scarred areas for about 2 minutes. Then, rinse with warm water and pat skin dry.
Here are the top helpful tips to help you heal the scars left by acne. These methods are completely natural, so they are absolutely safe for the skin, and the cost is low.
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